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Table 3 Summary of findings

From: The Epidemiology of Sarcoma

Strong evidence of association Cancer Suggestive evidence of association Cancer No evidence of association Cancer Too little evidence to draw conclusions Cancer
HIV/HHV8 Infections (A)
[14, 15, 29, 30, 33, 34]
KS Hernias (P)
[38, 53, 62, 64]
ES Menstrual and reproductive factors (A) [56] STS Birth weight (P) [41, 50, 60] STS, MBT
Radiotherapy (secondary sarcomas) (AP)
[6, 7, 9, 20, 21, 32, 46, 59]
STS, MBT Adolescence growth & pubertal factors (P) [24, 28, 50, 55, 63, 71] OS DDT, asbestos, wood dust (A) [18, 45, 58] STS, MBT Birth order (P) [37, 57] RS
   Occupation: job type/industry (A) [16, 19, 23] STS, MBT Flouride in drinking water (AP) [17, 36] OS Maternal age (P) [37, 40, 51, 57] STS, RS
   Herbicides & chlorophenols (A) [8, 48, 58] STS    Pregnancy medications (P) [39, 53, 60] STS, ES, RS
   Place of residence, industrial emissions (A) [49, 72] STS    Pregnancy conditions (P) [39, 53, 60] STS
       History of infection: chicken pox & mumps (A) [34] STS
       Parental occupation (P) [5, 10, 12, 53] MBT
       Radium in drinking water (AP) [31, 35] OS
       Ionizing radiation -low dose (A) [32] MBT
       Tobacco, alcohol, & drug use (AP) [51, 53, 7376] STS, RS, KS, ES
  1. STS = Soft tissue sarcoma, MBT = Malignant bone tumor, KS = Kaposi's sarcoma, OS = Osteosarcoma, ES = Ewing's sarcoma, CS = Chondrosarcoma, RS = Rhabdomyosarcoma.
  2. (A) = Adult sarcomas, (P) = Pediatric sarcomas, (AP) = Adult & Pediatric sarcomas.