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Table 1 Published cases of intestinal Kaposi’s sarcoma in HIV-negative patients after 2000

From: Reversible rituximab-induced rectal Kaposi’s sarcoma misdiagnosed as ulcerative colitis in a patient with HIV-negative follicular lymphoma

First author Year Sex Age at diagnosis (years) Clinical conditions Visceral KS localizations Immunosuppression therapy Tumor HHV8 status Blood HHV8 status KS management
Cohen 2001 F 67 Crohn disease Ileum Prednisone ND ND Discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy
Kang 2004 F 60 Ulcerative colitis Colon Prednisone + ND ND
Nepomniashchaia 2004 M 41 Allogenic kidney transplantation Stomach, intestinal mesentery, cerebral ND ND ND ND
Bursics 2005 M 49 Ulcerative colitis Colon Methylprednisolone Discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy and coloprotectomy
Svrcek 2009 M 62 Ulcerative colitis Rectum Steroid, azathioprine + + Discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy and coloprotectomy
Girelli 2009 M 43 Ulcerative colitis Descending colon Prednisone, mesalazine, ciclosporin + Discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy and coloprotectomy
Rodriguez 2010 M 65 Ulcerative colitis Colon Prednisone, methotrexate + + Discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy and coloprotectomy
Tas 2012 F 77 Chronic anemia Colon, lymph nodes None + ND Etoposide
Pioche 2013 M 49 Ulcerative colitis Colon Corticosteroids, azathioprine, ciclosporin, infliximab + + Coloprotectomy
Hamzaoui 2013 M 30 Ulcerative colitis Colorectal Prednisone, mesalazine, azathioprine, infliximab + ND Subtotal colectomy
Herculano 2014 M 63 Ulcerative colitis Sigmoid colon Prednisolone, mesalazine + Discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy
Windon 2017 M 21 Crohn disease Colon Prednisone, infliximab Discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy
Duh 2017 M 48 Ulcerative colitis Rectum Prednisone + ND Discontinuation of immunosuppressive therapy followed by subtotal colectomy
Kumar 2017 M 70 Ulcerative colitis Ascending colon None + ND ND
  1. KS Kaposi’s sarcoma, F female, M male, ND not determined